Define cervical enlargement spinal cord

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Its average length in the male is about 45 cm., in the female from 42 to 43 cm., while its weight amounts to about 30 gms.The spinal cord grows larger at two areas, the cervical and lumbosacral enlargements.An acute whiplash injury follows sudden or excessive hyperextension, hyperflexion, or rotation of the neck and causes neck pain and other symptoms.

The Spinal Cord Page 1 of 9. cervical enlargement 2. lumbar enlargerment 3. conus medullaris 4. filum terminale 5. cauda equina The Spinal Cord Page 2 of 9 6. spinal nerves a. roots i. dorsal (posterior) dorsal root ganglion ii. ventral (anterior) C.

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Injuries to the nerves and tissue relating to the cervical region are the most severe of all spinal cord injuries because the higher up in the spine an injury occurs, the more damage that is caused to the central nervous system.The spinal canal is formed by the central openings of a series of bones (vertebrae) stacked on top of each other.

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Dermatomes exist for each of these spinal nerves, except the first cervical spinal nerve.It protects your spinal cord, a key part of the.Partial transverse myelitis and partial myelitis are terms used to define inflammation of the spinal cord that affects part of the width of the spinal cord.The term syringomyelia refers to a collection of differing conditions characterized by damage to the spinal cord that is caused by a formation of abnormal fluid-filled cavities (syrinx) within the cord.

Transverse implies that the inflammation extends across the entire width of the spinal cord.

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It also has two enlargements: a cervical and a lumbar, this is due to the innervation of the upper and the lower limbs.


The spinal cord is a long, thin, tubular bundle of nerves that is an extension of the central nervous system from the brain and is enclosed in and protected by the bony vertebral column.It extends from about the third cervical to the second thoracic vertebra, its maximum circumference (about 38 mm.) being on a level with the attachment of the sixth pair of cervical nerves.

Considerations in the diagnosis and treatment of syringomyelia and the Chiari malformation.The vertebrae protect the delicate bundle of nerves and connective tissue of the spinal cord, which transmits nervous impulses from the brain to the rest of the body.

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Spinal stroke is a term for what is usually called spinal infarction or spinal artery syndrome (SAS).The resultant spinal cord injury and neurologic deficit, if it occurs, is the most devastating aspect of a cervical injury, primarily because it is often irreversible and permanent.These either showed enlargement of the cervical spinal cord (65%) or a small cervical spinal cord (15%), or were normal (20%).

The pedicles, apophyseal joints, uncinate processes, and transverse processes have characteristics peculiar and specific to the cervical spine.The Spinal cord ends down with the medullary cone that gives rise to the Cauda equina (A cluster of lumbosacral nerve roots).There was only one significant complication of radiological studies in this group of patients, the result of a Pantopaque myelogram which we performed (Fig. 1). A small.Transverse myelitis (TM) is a rare neurological condition in which the spinal cord is inflamed.

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The spinal nerves are only about 1 cm long before they branch further into the various peripheral nerves.

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The brain and spinal cord together make up the central nervous system (CNS).

Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) is a low-incidence, high cost disability.The spine provides solid bony protection for the spinal cord enclosed within.Also, motor fibers from the lower extremities tend to run more laterally in the spinal cord and are therefore relatively spared.

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In the cervical and thoracic spine, intraspinal tumors, of which herniated discs are the most common, may cause not only a radiculopathy, but may also compress the spinal cord and the resulting syndrome is a myeloradiculopathy.In healthy newborns, the tip of the conus medullaris is located between L1 and L2.

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Whiplash injury is common in road traffic accidents and may also be caused by sports injuries, falls or assaults.Internal anatomy 1. anterior median fissure 2. posterior median sulcus 3. gray commissure 4. central canal 6. horns a. anterior gray horn b.The spinal canal of the upper cervical region is relatively large to accommodate the cervical enlargement of the cord.Spinal stenosis is a condition, mostly in adults 50 and older, in which your spinal canal starts to narrow.The spinal cord is a long, thin, tubular bundle of nervous tissue and support cells that extends from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar region of the vertebral column.